dictionary not only contains the spelling of a word!
It also contains the spelling of its derivatives: plural forms and participles.
Since English is so exceptional in its spellings, a
dictionary assists you in finding exceptions to the rules of spelling.
Spell checkers in word processing:
quite frankly, you are foolish if you do not spell check
each and every word-processed document
you are also foolish if you do not proof-read each
document after spell-checking!
A spell checker will only find words incorrectly spelled. It will not find words correctly
spelled but mis-used.
from and form: a common
of, or: another case of mistaken
to, too, two; there, their; whether, weather:
common confusion of usage
Remembering a "spelling":
- Always check a dictionary for the correct pronunciation of the word--this will help you
remember how to spell the word;
- Also check for the meaning and history of the word--this provides additional
- Practice spelling the word to yourself before you close the dictionary: write it down or
visualize it in your mind's eye. Check the spelling in the dictionary again to ensure that
you have learned to spell the word correctly;
- Learn basic spelling rules. (See below).
Four Key Spelling Rules
- Write "i" before "e" except after "c," or when sounding
like "a" as in "neighbor" and "weigh." When the
"ie/ei" combination is not pronounced "ee," it is usually spelled
|fiery, friend, mischief, view, believe
|reign, foreign, weigh, neighbor, weird, receive
- If a word ends with a silent "e," drop the "e" before adding a
suffix which begins with a vowel:
- You do not drop the "e" when the suffix begins with a vowel:
|state--statement; like--likeness; use--useful
- When "y" is the last letter in a word and the "y" is preceded by a
consonant, change the "y" to "i" before adding any suffix except those
beginning with "i":
|beauty--beautiful; fry--fries; hurry--hurried; lady--ladies
- When forming the plural of a word which ends with a "y" that is preceded by a
vowel, add "s":
|toy--toys; play--plays; monkey--monkeys
- When a one-syllable word ends in a consonant preceded by one vowel, double the final
consonant before adding a suffix which begins with a vowel:
|bat--batted, --batting; prod--prodded, --prodding
- When a multi-syllable word ends in a consonant preceded by one vowel, the same rule
holds true: double the final consonant: