The "MUDDER" Study System

  • Mood:
    Set a positive mood for yourself to study in.
    Select the appropriate time, environment, and attitude;
  • Understand:
    Mark any information you don't understand in a particular unit;
    Keep a focus on one unit or a manageable group of exercises;
  • Describe:
    After studying the unit,
    stop and put what you have learned into your own words;
  • Digest:
    Go back to what you did not understand and reconsider the information;
    Contact external expert sources (e.g., other books or an instructor) if you still cannot understand it;
  • Expand:
    In this step, ask three kinds of questions concerning the studied material:
    • If I could speak to the author, what questions would I ask or what criticism would I offer?
    • How could I apply this material to what I am interested in?
    • How could I make this information interesting and understandable to other students?
  • Review:
    Go over the material you've covered,
    Remember what strategies helped you understand and/or retain information;
    Apply these strategies to your future studying.

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