Example of Note Taking on a Book


Watzlawich, Beavin, Jackson

W.W. Norton & Co., 1967

CHAPTER 1 – The Frame of Reference

Phenomenon remains unexplainable as long as the range

of observation is not wide enough to include the context

of the situation.

Syntactics – channeling, coding, capacity, noise

Semantics – meaning

Pragmatics – effects of communication on behavior

Since pragmatics is main subject communication &

behavior will be used interchangeably.

Focus in sender/receiver relation.

Sensory perception band brain research has proved that

only relationships and patterns of relationships can be


Cybernetics: organismal growth or structure allowing both

positive and negative feedback

  1. Negative characteristics homeostasis (steady state)
  2. Positive leads to change

Negative feedback then is input reintroduced to a system

in order to decrease the output variation from some stated


Stochastic process: chain where configurations or patterns in

Random systems become apparent. Stochastic processes

show redundancy or constraint, two terms which can be

used interchangeably with concept of pattern.

But they do not state that these patterns need to have any symbolic meaning.

Metacommunication is communication system for

discourse about communication itself.




Practical Academic Study Skills Page 17


Note Taking

CHAPTER 2 – Some Tentative Axioms of Communication


The impossibility of not communicating

Message – single communiqué (unit)

Interaction – series of messages between

Patterns of interaction

"Every communication has a content and a relationship aspect such that the latter classified the former and is therefore a metacommunication." (page 54)

"The nature of a relationship is contingent upon the punctuation of the communicational sequences between the communicants." (page 54)

Dfn. analogic communiciation: it is virtually all nonverbal communication. Note: man only animal to use digital and analogue communication.

"Human beings communicate both digitally and analogically. Digital language has a highly complex and powerful logical syntax but lacks adequate semantics in the field of relationship, while analogic language possesses the semantics but has no adequate syntax for the unambiguous definition of the nature of relationships." (page 66)



Page 18 Practical Academic Study Skills