Example of Note Taking on a Book
PRAGMATICS OF HUMAN COMMUNICATION
Watzlawich, Beavin, Jackson
W.W. Norton & Co., 1967
CHAPTER 1 – The Frame of Reference
Phenomenon remains unexplainable as long as the range
of observation is not wide enough to include the context
of the situation.
Syntactics – channeling, coding, capacity, noise
Semantics – meaning
Pragmatics – effects of communication on behavior
Since pragmatics is main subject communication &
behavior will be used interchangeably.
Focus in sender/receiver relation.
Sensory perception band brain research has proved that
only relationships and patterns of relationships can be
Cybernetics: organismal growth or structure allowing both
positive and negative feedback
Negative feedback then is input reintroduced to a system
in order to decrease the output variation from some stated
Stochastic process: chain where configurations or patterns in
Random systems become apparent. Stochastic processes
show redundancy or constraint, two terms which can be
used interchangeably with concept of pattern.
But they do not state that these patterns need to have any symbolic meaning.
Metacommunication is communication system for
discourse about communication itself.
Practical Academic Study Skills Page 17
CHAPTER 2 – Some Tentative Axioms of Communication
The impossibility of not communicating
Message – single communiqué (unit)
Interaction – series of messages between
Patterns of interaction
"Every communication has a content and a relationship aspect such that the latter classified the former and is therefore a metacommunication." (page 54)
"The nature of a relationship is contingent upon the punctuation of the communicational sequences between the communicants." (page 54)
Dfn. analogic communiciation: it is virtually all nonverbal communication. Note: man only animal to use digital and analogue communication.
"Human beings communicate both digitally and analogically. Digital language has a highly complex and powerful logical syntax but lacks adequate semantics in the field of relationship, while analogic language possesses the semantics but has no adequate syntax for the unambiguous definition of the nature of relationships." (page 66)
Page 18 Practical Academic Study Skills